Real Dead Action:  The U.S. Military and the Enemy - 1945-2009 
Data compiled by Pete Livingston, Ph.D, Not the Enemy Media,
"Actions" and dates largely from William Blum book, "Rogue State" supplemented by casulty data from numerous sources
Last Revised: 6/16/2010 10:39
Table 1. This spreadsheet compiles U.S., "Enemy", and civilian casualties related to US foreign policy.  This is more robustly updated than "Table 2", but both are derived from nearly identical data sets…
casualties casualties web
Time Place Low High Links Reference
1945-1951 China ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 126-7 reports US funded war against Mao Tse-tung's Communists, even though Mao had been a US ally in the fight against the Japanese during WWII.
1947 France ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 127 reports US agency hired "Corsican gangs" to terrorize and murder Communists who were running for election.
1946-1958 Marshall Islands ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 127-8, author reports how the US nuked the Marshall Islands, contaminating the land and food eaten by the locals -- who were evacuated.
1947-1970s Italy ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 128 reports decades of CIA interference against alleged Communists and Socialists who were running for elected office.
1947-1949 Greece ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 128 states US intervened in a Civil War, backing a fascist regime that was "highly brutal" for 15 years
1945-1953 Philippines ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 128-9 notes that the US backed Phillipine military in fighting the "leftist Huks," then interfered with elections and got famed torturer Ferdinand Marcos into office.
1945-1953 Korea 3,000,000 4,500,000 Znet "Washington's Own Love Affair with Terror" Robin Miller, "Washington's Own Love Affair with Terror," ZNet magazine:  He reports that "3,000,000 civilians" killed comes from: Jon Halliday and Bruce Cumings, Korea: The Unknown War, NY: Pantheon Books, 1988, p. 200 (two million North Korean civilian deaths and one million South Korean). See also (2-3 million civilian deaths).  Joel Andreas, "Addicted to War" p 13 cites "4,500,00 died."
1949-1953 Albania William Blum, "Rogue State" (2000), Common Courage Press, p. 129 "Hundreds of emigres lost their lives or were imprisoned"
1948-1956 Eastern Europe 200 300 Ibid., p. 129 " least hundreds of deaths."  200 - 300 inserted as a modest quantification of "hundreds."
1950s Germany ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 129, Blum notest that CIA conducted "wide ranging campaign of sabotage (and) terror" against the East Germans.
1953 Iran 6,000 16,000 Rummel: 16,000 democides Reza Baraheni The Crowned Cannibals (1977): 6,000 killed , Rummel: 16,000 democides:
1953-1990s Guatemala 100,000 200,000 Report from United Nations Truth Commission.  Number includes more than 600 masacres.  Heard on KPFA Nov 13, 2002. Also, Jennifer Harbury (1995). "Bridge of Courage," Common Courage Press, p. 21, "...200,000 unarmed civilians..."     Mark Zepezauer, (1994) "The CIA's Greatest Hits," Odonian Press, p. 13, "The CIA ... inaugurated a series of bloodthirsty regimes that murdered more than 100,000 civilians over the next 40 years."
mid 1950s, 1970-1971 Costa Rica ? ? William Blum, Rogue State, p. 131 reports repeated attempts to oust and assassinate President Jose Figueres.
1956-1958 Middle East ?  ? William Blum, Rogue State, p. 132 reports attempts to overthrow Syrian government, to "overthrow or assassinate Nasser of Egypt" and sending 14,000 troops into Lebanon.
1957-1986 Haiti 3,000 60,000 William Blum, Rogue State, p. 132.  In 1959 "...US military...smash an attempt to overthrow Duvalier."  Between 1957 - 1986 "3,000 democides (Rummel), 60,000 k 9 Dec 1998 London Guardian, 60,000 16 July 1986 L.A. Times."
1950s-1960s Western Europe William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 132-3 reports that for 20 years the CIA ran massive anti-Communist anti-Socialist propaganda campaigns, funding "political parties, magazines, news agencies, and journalists..."
1953-1964 British Guiana / Guyana ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 133 reports US toppled multiple governments in this country.
1958-1963 Iraq 3,400 3,700 William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 134 "...thousands of communists were killed." Iraq (1959-66)
Coups: Govt. vs. Shammar Tribe, et al., 1959: WHPSI: 2,300, Eckhardt: 1,000 civ. + 1,000 mil. = 2,000, Small & Singer: 2,000, 1963: 1,400 (WHPSI) found at
1940s-1960s Soviet Union William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 134 notes that during this period the US sent "many hundreds" of sabateurs into the Soviet Union.  Also, that during the period the CIA participated in an anti-Soviet book publishing effort that produced over 1,000 secretly sponsored books.
1945-1973 Vietnam 3,800,000 3,800,000 McNamara Confesses Attorney General Robert McNamara in May 1999 Commonwealth Club of SF speech + Govt of Vietnam. As this number is "official" number of dead, it is posted as the "low" and "high".  Follow link, then down to "McConfession".  Others, including Noam Chomsky, continue to report "only" 3,000,000 dead (
Democracy Now! | Vietnamese Delegation in U.S. to Sue Chemical Companies for Ongoing Effects of Agent Orange 2007 June 22 report of Vietnamese delegation and legal team is suing (U.S. companies) Dow, Monsanto, et al for their roles in disabling 3 MILLION Vietnamese through their knowing inclusion of dioxin in the herbacides they manufactured for the U.S. government.  Report claims companies knew dioxin was toxic, that they could have excluded it from their herbacides, but decided not to in order to maximize their profits.
1960-1973 Vietnam 58,159  58,159  US Dead Americans killed in Vietnam reference does not include an additional 2,000 who are missing, or 303,635 wounded…
1955-1973 Cambodia 350,000 1,000,000 Documentary, "The Trials of Henry Kissenger," 2002, estimated Cambodian casualties @ 500,000.  See 1962-1975 Laos. website:   Utne - July Aug 2006"Beating Bonbs into Plowshares," estimates 350,000 dead.
1957-1973 Laos 70,000 250,000 Mark Zepezauer, (1994) "The CIA's Greatest Hits," Odonian Press, p. 42, reports 2,000,000 tons of bombs dropped on Laos by U.S. in "secret" war. Wallechinsky, 1959-75: 250,000 deaths and Rummel, 1954-75: War Dead: 32,000, Democide: 38,000 for a TOTAL: 70,000  at
1965-1973 Thailand ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 136-7 reports that during this period the US used bases in Thailand to bomb Vietnam.  At the same time, the US backed Thai police and the Thai dictator to put down resistance to the US presence.
1960-1963 Ecuador ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 137 reports that US backed coup against President Jose Maria Velasco following his refusal to back US policy on Cuba.
1960-1965, 1977-1978 The Congo / Zaire ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 137-8 reports CIA backed coup against duly elected President Lumumba, who was assassinated, leading to the rise of Mobuto, a dictator who terrorized his own people.  In 1977-8, President Jimmy Carter sent troops in to what had become Zaire to help Mubutu put down a rebellion.
1960s France / Algeria ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 138 "...evidence indicates, the CIA was involved in an aborted plot to assinate the French president."
1961-1964 Brazil ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 138-9.  US backed military coup that removed democratically elected President Goulart and yielded 15 years of military dictatorship, including disappearances, death squads, and torture.
1965 Peru ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 139 "...US military proceeded to wipe out several guerrilla groups..."
1963-1965 Dominican Republic ? 3,000 William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 139-40 states that US sent 23,000 troops into Domican Republic in order to prevent the restoration of the democratically elected president.  Joel Andreas, "Addicted to War" p. 33 reports that "3,000 people were gunned down..."
1959-2003 Cuba 20,000 "Fidel: The Untold Story" by Estella Bravo. Source documentary on Cuba 2002
1965 Indonesia 500,000 2,000,000 Znet "Washington's Own Love Affair with Terror" Robin Miller, "Washington's Own Love Affair with Terror," ZNet magazine:  He reports that the Indonesian govt admits killing 500,000 people, but that the Australian Secret Service put the figure at 2,000,000.  He writes: "Some general sources on the slaughter:,3604,530478,00.html.
The Wisdom Fund on Indonesia
The Guardian: Our bloody coup in Indonesia
1966 Ghana William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 141 "...A CIA-backed coup sent" Kwame Nkrumah into exile...
1969-1972 Uruguay William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 142 US trained Uruguans in torture and to set up death squads to put down rebellion.
1964-1973-1990 Chile 5,000 30,000 William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 142-3 notes years of CIA anti-Salvador Allende efforts that eventually included assassination, book burnings, torture, disappearances, and death squads.  US Govt and Grenville est 5,000; Human Rights Groups, 30,000:
1967-1974 Greece ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 143-4 notes a 1967 CIA backed coup yielded the Greeks, censorship, torture, and murder. 
1960s-1980s South Africa ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 144 notes the CIA weighed in on the side of racist South African govt against the black majority.  Ploughshares 2000: 7,000 since 1990; Truth and Reconciliation Commission Political violence: >12,000 (7/90-12/93)
1964-1975 Bolivia ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 144-5, notes CIA backed coup overthrew President Victor Paz...
1972-1975 Australia ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 145, notes US & British pushed for dismissal of Prime Minister Edward Gough Whitlam.
1972-1975 Iraq ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 145, notes US provided covert aid to Kurds, then cut them off and allowed hundreds to be executed.
1974-1976 Portugal ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 146, US backed covert and overt aid to elected Portugese officials persisted until US backed candidates prevailed.
1975-1999 East Timor 200,000 200,000 Matthew Jardine, "East Timor: Genocide in Paradise," Common Courage Press,  see:   William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 146-7 reports Amnesty International also reports 200,000 figure
1975-1980s Angola 300,000 800,000 Mark Zepezauer, (1994) "The CIA's Greatest Hits," Odonian Press, pp. 54-55.  William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 147 notes US, China & South Africa backed one faction while the other was backed by Cuba and the Soviet Union, prolonging a war that cost "perhaps half a million lives."  Washington Post 650,000 to 800,000:
1975-2005 Vietnam 38,000 38,000 4/28/2005 "Hue: Imperial City Turned Battleground" report by Michael Sullivan, NPR News, states "Motar shells, land mines, and unexploded bombs are still taking lives, decades estimated 38,000 people killed since the war, another 100,000 wounded." (These figures do not include those poisoned and killed by chemical warfare Agent Orange (dioxin) that was used to kill the jungles of Vietnam.)
1976 Jamaica ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp 147-8 notes inteference in Jamaican elections
1980s Honduras ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p 148 notes US turned Honduras into a base from which other military operations could be launched, while simultaneously controlling Honduran politics.
1978-1990 Nicaragua 30,000 50,000 William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 148-9 notes US used "Contra" as mercenaries to overthrow Sandanista government.  30,000 (Britannica), 50,000 (Chomsky)
1970s-1990s Philippines 60,000 175,000 1. B&J: 60,000, Ploughshares 2000: Mindinao: 100,000-150,000 since 1971 + vs. NPA: 25,000 since 1969 for a TOTAL: 150,000 ± 25,000:
1979-1981 Seychelles ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 149-150 reports US was behind a failed invasion by mercenaries.
1979-1984 South Yemen ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p.150 reports that US sent North Yemen weapons and paramility attack South Yemen.
1980 South Korea 200 2,000 William Blum, "Rogue State," pp 150-1, reports US military joined Korean military in crushing a student uprising that sought and end to phony elections and torture. He notes reports of from "several hundred" to 2,000 deaths resulted and refers to Covert Action Information Bulletin, Dec 1980 p.9-15.
1981-1982 Chad 40,000 40,000 William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 151-2 writes that US & France built up an Army of supposed peacekeepers in Chad.  Instead, its leader Hissen Habre overthrew the government of Chad, installed himself, and had his secret police murder "tens of thousands" - with US support.  21 May 1992 Toronto Star, AP: 40,000 died in detention or executed, according to a government commission. Samuel Decalo, Historical Dictionary of Chad (1997): 40,000,  Dictionary of 20C World History: 40,000:
1979-1983 Grenada 68 250 William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 152 reports that following a disinformation campaign, that US invaded in October 1983 and overthrew government.   TOTAL: 250 (B&J) or 102 (War Annual) or 89 (Marley) or 68 (Rogozinski) reported at  Joel Andreas, "Addicted to War" reports that 100 civilians were killed during the US invasion of Grenada.
1982-1984 Suriname 0 0 William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 152 reports a planned US covert invasion was cancelled following its disclosure.
1982-1983 Lebanon 241 241 Joel Andreas, "Addicted to War" p. 15 reports that 241 Marines were killed by a truck bomb following US invasion of Lebanon to back the Israeli invasion.
1981-1989 Libya 100 100 William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 153, reports assassination attempts, sanctions, disinformation campaigns, aircraft shot down, and Qaddafi's home bombed, "killing scores of people."  
1984-1995 Turkey 30,000 50,000 Robert Fisk, "Turkey Targets Chomsky" PRESS RELEASE
Armenian National Committee of Eastern Massachusetts, Chomsky Addresses Armenian Forum, Date: Wed, 19 Jun 2002, Robert Fisk, "Turkey Targets Chomsky," Fisks reports "tens of thousands" of Turkish Kurds killed and 2 to 3 million made refugees for 30,000.. Report, Dec 16, 1990, "Panama: "Operation Just Cause" - The Human Cost of the US Invasion, by Physicians for Human Rights. gives 50,000.
1987 Fiji ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p. 153-4 indicates that it appears that the US Govt provoked a coup in order to end Fiji's anti-nuclear policy that prohibited "visits" by US ships.
1989 Panama 200 3,000 Physicians for Human Rights, "Panama: "Operation Just Cause" Report, Dec 16, 1990, "Panama: "Operation Just Cause" - The Human Cost of the US Invasion, by Physicians for Human Rights reports 614.  US Govt said to report 200, NY Times 4/1/1990 673 and Joint delegation of CODEHUCA + CONADEHUP 2,000 - 3,000 at
1979-1992 Afghanistan 875,000 1,500,000 at website: source USAID study at 875,000 and Britannica Annual (1994) at 1,500,000
1980-1992 El Salvador 70,000 80,000 Britannica: 70,000, Dict.Wars: 80,000: 9/3/2004 San Francisco Chronicle "Ex-Salvadoran officer ruled liable in killing of archbishop in 1980" puts deaths at 75,000.  "...San Francisco State University Professor Felix Kury, who is Salvadoran, made reference to the estimated $6 billion in U.S. support for the Salvadoran government during the war."
1987-1994 Haiti 300 5,000 William Blum, "Rogue State," p 157-8, blum writes that U.S. interfered in Albania elections.
Hideous Dream: A Soldier's memoir of the US Invasion of Haiti, by Stan Goff, reported on that U.S. organized FRAPH forces murdered "over 5,000" Haitians between 1991-1994.
1990-1991 Bulgaria ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," p 157 notes that US Government interfered with 1990 elections and after the Communist candidate won anyway, the US then pressured the Bulgarians until their govt collapsed.
1991-1992 Albania William Blum, "Rogue State," pp 157-8.
1993 Somalia 500 1000 William Blum, "Rogue State," p.158 "500 to 1,000" Somalians killed" by the U.S. -- in one battle + 18 Americans dead.
1990-2002 Iraq 1,158,000 1,500,000 Thomas Ginsberg, The Philadelphia Inquirer, Jan 5, 2003. Reports that 158,000 "Iraqi men, women and children died during and shortly after the Persian Gulf war."  Joel Andreas, "Addicted to War" p. 25 echos that figure and adds that "over one million Iraqis" were killed by the devastation and sanctions.  Attorney General Ramsey Clark in speech given in Washington D.C. demonstration, October 26, 2002, estimated deaths at 1,500,000.
1991 Iraq 0 500,000 Collier, "Iraq links cancers to uranium weapons" Robert Collier, "Iraq links cancers to uranium weapons..." San Francisco Chronicle, Jan 13, 2003, states that a 1991 Britain's Atomic Energy Authority study concluded that the use of Depleted Uranium against Iraq by the U.S. and Britain "could eventually" kill an additional 500,000 people by causing cancer. A U.N. subcommittee designated DU as a "weapon of mass destruction."
1990s-present Peru ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp 160-1, author notes that U.S. has been helping Peruvian government fight guerilla movement, while claiming to be there helping to fight the war on drugs. 
1990s-present Mexico ? ? William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 161-2 points out that U.S. has supplied weapons, training, and support to Mexican military that engages in torture and masacres of the Zapatistas.
1990s-present Colombia 17,000 17,000 William Blum, "Rogue State," pp. 161-4, reports U.S. supplying military aid to fight FARC, a political movement.  He reports that a 1994 "Amnesty International report estimated that more than 20,000 Colombians had been killed between 1986-1994.  Claimed that "Washington Post (15, Jan 1996) 17,000 deaths, 1990-94 at  Totals apparently run much higher when including the pre-U.S. ? years of the 1970s and 1980s.
1998-2008 Congo 5,400,000 5,400,000 U.S. funding of militants in Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo have led to 5.4 million deaths "just" in the period 1998-2008 and continues today… On death data:   On why the war is being waged by the U.S.:
1995-1999 Yugoslavia 500 2,500 Michael Parenti (2000), "To Kill A Nation," Verso, NY, pp. 122-123. 500 "low" is an estimate from Human Rights Watch.  Belgrade is reported to have stated 500 military and 2,000 civilians were killed.
2001-2009 Afghanistan 3,100 49,600 Common Dreams, 3,500 Civilians Killed in Afghanistan Research study published December 10 by Marc W. Herold, Professor of Economics, International Relations, and Women's Studies at the University of New Hampshire. and  Claimed that "Time" Oct 14, 2002 reports 5,000 Taliban and Al Qaeda killed. While (London) Guardian is claimed to have reported 49,600 "war-related avoidable deaths" cited at
2001 Afghanistan 300 2,000 Obama: No grounds to investigate war crimes AP report reports "hundreds and perhaps thousands" murdered by US backed and CIA paid forces that suffocated and/or shot 2,000 Taliban.  The men had surrendered and were locked in storage containers, then killed.  
2001-2010 Afghanistan 1,836 1,836 Coalition Dead US "coalition" forces killed
Mar Herold, "A Dossier on Civilian Victims of US Aerial Bombing of Afghanistan  
2004-2005 Haiti 100 2,000 3/2/2004 Oakland Tribune, "Rebel says he's new Haiti military chief, by Paisely Doods and Ian James.  800 figure estimate provided by journalist Kevin Pina on KPFA 94.7fm, 3/3/2004, but as of April 26, 2004 I had heard reports of 1,000 to 2,000 and "thousands".   Apparently, the government is now dumping unidentified bodies into mass graves.  This follows the refusal of many locals to try and identify the dead for fear of further retribution.
2006 Pakistan 18 18 missile strike LA Times article reports "U.S. air strike" on Pakistan and killing of "at least 18".
2003-2009 Iraq 96,739 Reporting civilian casualties, (low) and SF Chronicle reporting on 10/30/2004 Lancet article, "Mortality before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey".  If the Lancet article is accurate @ 100,000 as of 2004, then total is probably now (9/2006) more than 150,000 
SFGate 100,000 Iraqis killed
Study: 655,000 Iraqis Die Because of War 10/11/06 AP reports a study done through John Hopinks School of Public Health and reported by The Lancet.US casualties in Iraq and other coalition casualties, see data.
650,000 Dead Iraqis - Study on Iraq Civilian Casualties to Present Findings to Congress Congressman Kucinish (D-OH), Congressman Paul (R-TX), Gilbert Burnham, Ph.D (co-director of the Cneter for Refugee and Disaster Response at Johns Hopkins, co-author of the Lancet Study), Les Roberts, Ph.D. (lecturer at the Johns Hopkins University and Columbia University, co-author of Lancet Study, et al.   Reported also at Dec 15, 2006.
Death Count Higher than Ever Link to SFC, the BBC, "" and CNN video interview of Bush re 655,000 dead Iraqis.
1,300,000 Authors, CHRIS HEDGES & LAILA AL-ARIAN, of "Collateral Damage: America's war against Iraqi civilians" report that Lancet research indicates that between 1.2 and 1.3 million Iraqis have been killed as a result of the U.S. invasion… " MP3 of their interview at link to left. Book available here:
4,390 4,708 Provides comprehensive detail on "coalition" deaths.  "Low" = US military killed.  "High" = total "coalition" killed
2005-2009 Iraq 87,215 Dead Iraqis Since 2005, Iraqi govt reports via AP that 87,215 civilians killed
2009 Iraq Video "Collateral Murder" of 12+ people, including two Reuters reporters and 2 children being machine gunned from a U.S. helicopter
2007 Somalia 31 31 U.S. airstrikes fail to kill any al-Qaeda "suspects" but dop kill 31 civilians.
2001-2009 The World ? ? Casualties of U.S. torture ?  NY Times details methods of torture.
2001-2009 The World ? ? March 11, 2009, article from the that was picked up by states that reporter Seymour Hersh disclosed that a special "executive assassination ring" has been murdering people all over the world and reporting only to the White House and more specifically to Vice President Dick Cheney... 
2006-2009 Pakistan 687 687 April 14, 2009, Amy Goodman reports estimate of 687 total killed by US drone aircraft in Pakistan.  Widespread reporting of recent killings, but little coverage of cummulative killings between 2006-2009
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16,164,910 23,607,971 KILLED